Learn about Handmade Rugs At Prestige Rugs Palm Springs

Rug Gallery handmade rugs from all around the world

Learning About Rugs is an educational section about handmade rugs of the world:
Learn all about handmade rugs for educational purposes.
Obtain sufficient information about rugs in order to make well-informed purchasing decisions.
Finding specific information in order to better understand the description of the rugs.

This refers to the hue or color change found on many older rugs, particularly those woven by nomad tribes. Abrash also is indication of traditional materials and dyeing practices. The variations in color are usually the result of inconsistent dyeing of the wool, or through the introduction of a new wool batch while weaving the carpet.

A synthetic dye made from coal tar. In the early 1900's it was banned in Persia because the dyes were not colorfast.

The city of ARDABIL(ARDEBIL) is located at distance of 639 kilometers from TEHRAN. Ardabil is also well known for probably the most famous carpet in the world, this rug was approximately made around 1539. The original Ardabil rug was acquired by the Victoria Albert's museum in 1893 for a bargain $4000 (an outrageous price for this period). The caratouche tells us that it was made by the order of the Persian King Shah Tahmasp by a weaver named Masuod al Kashani. A second much smaller rug is to be found in the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. This second rug is believed to have been used as a source of repair for the original.
Famous Ardebil Rug LACMA Museum c16th Century
Short for artificial silk, it describes the use of mercerized cotton or artificial fiber that attempts to take on the appearance of silk. The fiber is very soft to the touch and is used to create the look and feel of silk without the cost. Sometimes used to deceive potential buyers. Artificial silk, normally made with mercerized cotton. It looses its sheen when used and doesn't wear well. 

Fine flat carpets woven in France from the 15th to 19th Centuries. They were derived from Moorish weaving with the assistance of Architects and Artists of the royal court. French design flat weave rug normally with a floral center medallion and pastel colors. Originally made in FRANCE as a pileless carpet, usually Aubussons have a floral medallion in pastel colors. The designs of these rugs have also been adapted to pile carpets and are now woven in India and China.


A small village in the Iranian Azerbaijan which is located southwest of Heriz. The area is mostly known for its late 19th century(woven 1780-1900) carpet production which includes large room size rugs with either the Herati or central medallion patterns. Rugs frequently resemble antique Herizes in design and technique.


The Bakhtiari confederation of tribes is large and powerful, covering much of central and southwestern Iran (Persia). Small rugs and trappings are woven by migratory Bakhtiari, while large carpets of great magnificence are woven in the settled villages. The most classic pattern is the garden design of repeated squares or diamonds, each of which encloses a tree or blossom motif. Their name translates roughly as "the lucky ones". A tribe located mostly in western Iran which is known for weavings of rugs having compartments filled with brightly colored garden motifs. Rugs can be either single wefted on cotton foundation (village rugs) or double wefted on wool foundation (nomadic rugs). Other designed rugs include those with a large bold central medallion, or others with long vertical stripes filled with small botehs.

Bergama is a little town in northwest part of Turkey, around eighty villages that are involve weaving Bergama rugs. Bergama rugs have been woven as wool on wool material combination while wefts are all red. Bergama usually are small and majority are square shape. Bergama are loosely woven and have thick pile. Those woven in Canakkale (Ancient city known as Troy, the city of Heroes) are slightly larger. Motifs can be divided by two main groups:

  • KAZAK type 
  • Turkish type.
KAZAK type rugs have big geometrical designs, these ones remind KAZAK - Gendje region rugs. In Turkish type usually designs are very floral and embroidered with leaves of the pine trees. They consist mainly of two colors, the dark reds and blues. In these rugs red color, which is used for dyeing the wool yarns, makes the pile less thick than the rest of the surface after a certain time, so blue motifs appear higher. The evil eyes that you see at the edges give them an exceptionally unusual appearance.

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